Organic agriculture, alternative to save the planet
Faced with climate change and the damage it causes to the planet, organic agriculture is an alternative to avoid or reverse the damage. It is a production system that, in addition to taking care of people’s health, takes care of the environment and natural resources such as soil, water, flora and fauna; improving and increasing biodiversity.
Developing agricultural activity in an efficient and environmentally friendly way requires natural fertilization that guarantees production without damaging natural resources, that is, fertilization without chemical, synthetic or genetically modified products that cause resistance to pests, contamination and damage to the health of farmers and consumers.
Currently there are natural fertilizers of animal or plant origin that also serve as insecticides, strengthen plants making them resistant to pests, stimulate soil fertility and facilitate the composting of organic matter and microorganisms that improve soil structure.
According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), organic agriculture is just one of several approaches to sustainable agriculture and consists of many techniques such as intercropping, crop-livestock integration. In fact, “almost all synthetic inputs are prohibited and crop rotation is mandatory to strengthen the soil.”
It indicates that organic farmers adopt soil and water protection and conservation techniques that are used to fight soil erosion, compaction and salinization. One of the main tools of organic farmers is natural methods to combat pests.
- Decreases soil erosion and preserves its fertility.
- Organic production promotes crop rotation, which influences different aspects such as pest control.
- Organic foods contain more nutrients and their flavor is more natural. By consuming it you are not exposed to the danger of pesticides, herbicides or chemical fertilizers.
- Protects the environment and biodiversity, as well as crops, the health of farmers and their families.